Bologna is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy. The city is famed for the oldest university in the Western world, lively student population, exquisite food, typical brick terracotta-roofed architecture and porticos, theatre and nightlife.

Famous for its cuisine, and considered second only to Venice in beauty by many Italians, Bologna has one of the largest and best preserved historic centers among Italian cities. Its architecture is noted for its palette of terracotta reds, burnt oranges, and warm yellows, hence the name of ‘Bologna la rossa’. The extensive town center, characterized by miles of attractive covered walkways, is one of the best-preserved in Europe.

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Florence is the capital of the region of Tuscany in Italy, with a population of about 366,500. The city is considered a cultural, artistic and architectural gem. It’s the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance. Politically, economically, and culturally it was the most important city in Europe for around 250 years. It’s the place where Gallileo pioneered the study of optics and astronomy, and Machiavelli laid the groundwork for our understanding of political science.

Home of the Opera and the Medici family, and some of the most important works of art by Ghiberti, Donatello, Massaccio, Botticelli, Michelangelo and Leonardo. In all, Florence has something over 80 museums, at the top of list is the Palazzo Vecchio, a building with magnificent rooms and some great art.

There are also a few places to buy things, from the high-end jewelry stores lining the Ponte Vecchio to some of the most famous shops in the world.

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